DGUV Rule 112-198 (formerly BGR 198) sets down binding provisions for the "Use of personal fall protection equipment". This rule provides a clear overview of all the components that belong to the category personal fall protection equipment (PPE) and how these need to be labelled and certified.
These regulations are introduced by a comprehensive and precise definition of all the individual components - ranging from a safety harness to an energy absorber and PPE. They also stipulate that employers must provide their employees with the required PPE.
DGUV Rule 112-198 distinguishes between four basic types of arresting system:
All of these arresting systems are defined by the fact that they do not necessarily prevent a free fall but instead arrest a fall to protect the user from fatal injury caused by hitting the ground.
The core of DGUV Rule 112-198 is the chapter on assessing and selecting fall protection equipment. Alongside a list of all the required PPE labels, this rule also provides a good overview of all the different types of application and the respective clearance distances. The basic rule is: The clearance distance is calculated by adding a safety margin of 1 metre to the respective arresting distance.
In addition, the rule also contains recommendations for combining different equipment components. It is pointed out, for example, that helmets with a forked chin strap in accordance with EN 397 provide protection against serious head injuries as the result of a fall.
Following a detailed description of the various types of equipment and anchorage devices, DGUV Rule 112-198 goes on to point out that PPE only has a limited service life, resp. is of limited durability. Attention is drawn to the need to have this equipment regularly inspected by a qualified person:
“The entrepreneur must have personal fall arrest protection equipment checked by a qualified person as dictated by the respective application and operating conditions – at least every 12 months – to ensure that it is in perfect condition.”
ABS Safety offers a full range of PPE with a wide selection of different models to choose from.